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* libstdc++-v3: do not duplicate some math functions when using newlib
@ 2023-06-14 22:45 Alexandre Oliva
  2023-06-15 10:43 ` Jonathan Wakely
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 2+ messages in thread
From: Alexandre Oliva @ 2023-06-14 22:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: gcc-patches, libstdc++; +Cc: Joel Brobecker

Contributing a patch by Joel Brobecker <>.
Regstrapped on x86_64-linux-gnu just to be sure, also tested with
aarch64-rtems6.  I'm going to put this in later this week if there
aren't any objections.

When running the libstdc++ testsuite on AArch64 RTEMS, we noticed
that about 25 tests are failing during the link, due to the "sqrtl"
function being defined twice:
  - once inside RTEMS' libm;
  - once inside our libstdc++.

One test that fails, for instance, would be 26_numerics/complex/

In comparing libm and libstdc++, we found that libstc++ also
duplicates "hypotf", and "hypotl".

For "sqrtl" and "hypotl", the symbosl come a unit called
from, while "hypotf" comes from
the equivalent unit for the float version, called
Those units are always compiled in libstdc++ and provide our own
version of various math routines when those are missing from
the target system. The definition of those symbols is predicated
on the existance of various macros provided by c++config.h, which
themselves are predicated by the corresponding HAVE_xxx macros
in config.h.

One key element behind what's happening, here, is that the target
uses newlib, and therefore GCC was configured --with-newlib.
The section of libstdc++v3's configure script that handles which math
functions are available has a newlib-specific section, and that
section provides a hardcoded list of symbols.

For "hypotf", this commit fixes the issue by doing the same
as for the other routines already declared in that section.
I verified by inspection in the newlib code that this function
should always be present, so hardcoding it in our configure
script should not be an issue.

For the math routines handling doubles ("sqrtl" and "hypotl"),
however, I do not believe we can assume that newlib's libm
will always provide them. Therefore, this commit fixes that
part of the issue by ading a compile-check for "sqrtl" and "hypotl".
And while at it, we also include checks for all the other math
functions that re-implements, allowing
us to be resilient to future newlib enhancements adding support
for more functions.


        * ["x${with_newlib}" = "xyes"]: Define
        HAVE_HYPOTF.  Add compile-checks for various long double
        math functions as well.
        * configure: Regenerate.
 libstdc++-v3/configure    | 1179 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 libstdc++-v3/ |    9 
 2 files changed, 1188 insertions(+)

diff --git a/libstdc++-v3/configure b/libstdc++-v3/configure
index 354c566b0055c..bda8053ecc279 100755
diff --git a/libstdc++-v3/ b/libstdc++-v3/
index 0abe54e7b9a21..9770c1787679f 100644
--- a/libstdc++-v3/
+++ b/libstdc++-v3/
@@ -349,6 +349,7 @@ else
@@ -360,6 +361,14 @@ else
+dnl # Support for the long version of some math libraries depends on
+dnl # architecture and newlib version.  So test for their availability
+dnl # rather than hardcoding that information.
+      acosl asinl atan2l atanl ceill coshl cosl expl fabsl floorl fmodl
+      frexpl hypotl ldexpl log10l logl modfl powl sinhl sinl sqrtl
+      tanhl tanl])

Alexandre Oliva, happy hacker      
   Free Software Activist                       GNU Toolchain Engineer
Disinformation flourishes because many people care deeply about injustice
but very few check the facts.  Ask me about <>

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2023-06-14 22:45 libstdc++-v3: do not duplicate some math functions when using newlib Alexandre Oliva
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