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From: Pedro Alves <>
Subject: [binutils-gdb] struct packed: Use gcc_struct on Windows
Date: Mon, 25 Jul 2022 15:12:10 +0000 (GMT)	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw);h=4ca26ad7dec88ab6fa8507ba069e9f1b3c5196da

commit 4ca26ad7dec88ab6fa8507ba069e9f1b3c5196da
Author: Pedro Alves <>
Date:   Tue Jul 19 00:26:33 2022 +0100

    struct packed: Use gcc_struct on Windows
    Building GDB on mingw/gcc hosts is currently broken, due to a static
    assertion failure in gdbsupport/packed.h:
      In file included from ../../../../../binutils-gdb/gdb/../gdbsupport/common-defs.h:201,
                       from ../../../../../binutils-gdb/gdb/defs.h:28,
                       from ../../../../../binutils-gdb/gdb/dwarf2/read.c:31:
      ../../../../../binutils-gdb/gdb/../gdbsupport/packed.h: In instantiation of 'packed<T, Bytes>::packed(T) [with T = dwarf_unit_type; long long unsigned int Bytes = 1]':
      ../../../../../binutils-gdb/gdb/dwarf2/read.h:181:74:   required from here
      ../../../../../binutils-gdb/gdb/../gdbsupport/packed.h:41:40: error: static assertion failed
         41 |     gdb_static_assert (sizeof (packed) == Bytes);
            |                        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~
      ../../../../../binutils-gdb/gdb/../gdbsupport/gdb_assert.h:27:48: note: in definition of macro 'gdb_static_assert'
         27 | #define gdb_static_assert(expr) static_assert (expr, "")
            |                                                ^~~~
      ../../../../../binutils-gdb/gdb/../gdbsupport/packed.h:41:40: note: the comparison reduces to '(4 == 1)'
         41 |     gdb_static_assert (sizeof (packed) == Bytes);
            |                        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~
    The issue is that mingw gcc defaults to "-mms-bitfields", which
    affects how bitfields are laid out.  We can however tell GCC that we
    want the regular GCC layout instead using attribute gcc_struct.
    Attribute gcc_struct is not implemented in "clang -target
    x86_64-pc-windows-gnu", so that will need a different fix.
    Change-Id: I023315ee03622c59c397bf4affc0b68179c32374

 gdbsupport/packed.h | 10 +++++++++-
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/gdbsupport/packed.h b/gdbsupport/packed.h
index 3468cf44207..53164a9e0c3 100644
--- a/gdbsupport/packed.h
+++ b/gdbsupport/packed.h
@@ -27,8 +27,16 @@
    bit-fields (and ENUM_BITFIELD), when the fields must have separate
    memory locations to avoid data races.  */
+/* We need gcc_struct on Windows GCC, as otherwise the size of e.g.,
+   "packed<int, 1>" will be larger than what we want.  */
+#if defined _WIN32
+# define ATTRIBUTE_GCC_STRUCT __attribute__((__gcc_struct__))
 template<typename T, size_t Bytes = sizeof (T)>
-struct packed
   packed () noexcept = default;

                 reply	other threads:[~2022-07-25 15:12 UTC|newest]

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