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* [binutils-gdb] Fix "b f(std::string)" when current language is C
@ 2022-05-10 13:18 Pedro Alves
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Pedro Alves @ 2022-05-10 13:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: gdb-cvs;h=c7d029ea9cc566b8d3c50b08ef12d98394adf1b1

commit c7d029ea9cc566b8d3c50b08ef12d98394adf1b1
Author: Pedro Alves <>
Date:   Fri Apr 29 23:21:18 2022 +0100

    Fix "b f(std::string)" when current language is C
    If you try to set a breakpoint at a function such as "b
    f(std::string)", and the current language is C, the breakpoint fails
    to be set, like so:
      (gdb) set language c
      break f(std::string)
      Function "f(std::string)" not defined.
      Make breakpoint pending on future shared library load? (y or [n]) n
    The problem is that the code in GDB that expands the std::string
    typedef hits this in c-typeprint.c:
          /* If we have "typedef struct foo {. . .} bar;" do we want to
             print it as "struct foo" or as "bar"?  Pick the latter for
             C++, because C++ folk tend to expect things like "class5
             *foo" rather than "struct class5 *foo".  We rather
             arbitrarily choose to make language_minimal work in a C-like
             way. */
          if (language == language_c || language == language_minimal)
              if (type->code () == TYPE_CODE_UNION)
                gdb_printf (stream, "union ");
              else if (type->code () == TYPE_CODE_STRUCT)
                  if (type->is_declared_class ())
                    gdb_printf (stream, "class ");
                    gdb_printf (stream, "struct ");
              else if (type->code () == TYPE_CODE_ENUM)
                gdb_printf (stream, "enum ");
    I.e., std::string is expanded to "class std::..." instead of just
    "std::...", and then the "f(class std::..." symbol doesn't exist.
    Fix this by making cp-support.c:inspect_type print the expanded
    typedef type using the language of the symbol whose type we're
    expanding the typedefs for -- in the example in question, the
    "std::string" typedef symbol, which is a C++ symbol.
    Use type_print_raw_options as it seems to me that in this scenario we
    always want raw types, to match the real symbol names.
    Adjust the gdb.cp/break-f-std-string.exp testcase to try setting a
    breakpoint at "f(std::string)" in both C and C++.
    Change-Id: Ib54fab4cf0fd307bfd55bf1dd5056830096a653b

 gdb/cp-support.c                            | 10 +++++++++-
 gdb/testsuite/gdb.cp/break-f-std-string.exp | 13 ++++++++++---
 2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/gdb/cp-support.c b/gdb/cp-support.c
index 71c14635e38..807c944a97c 100644
--- a/gdb/cp-support.c
+++ b/gdb/cp-support.c
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
 #include <atomic>
 #include "event-top.h"
 #include "run-on-main-thread.h"
+#include "typeprint.h"
 #define d_left(dc) (dc)->u.s_binary.left
 #define d_right(dc) (dc)->u.s_binary.right
@@ -229,7 +230,14 @@ inspect_type (struct demangle_parse_info *info,
 	  string_file buf;
-	      type_print (type, "", &buf, -1);
+	      /* Avoid using the current language.  If the language is
+		 C, and TYPE is a struct/class, the printed type is
+		 prefixed with "struct " or "class ", which we don't
+		 want when we're expanding a C++ typedef.  Print using
+		 the type symbol's language to expand a C++ typedef
+		 the C++ way even if the current language is C.  */
+	      const language_defn *lang = language_def (sym->language ());
+	      lang->print_type (type, "", &buf, -1, 0, &type_print_raw_options);
 	  /* If type_print threw an exception, there is little point
 	     in continuing, so just bow out gracefully.  */
diff --git a/gdb/testsuite/gdb.cp/break-f-std-string.exp b/gdb/testsuite/gdb.cp/break-f-std-string.exp
index 0869912bb29..e222bae8ab3 100644
--- a/gdb/testsuite/gdb.cp/break-f-std-string.exp
+++ b/gdb/testsuite/gdb.cp/break-f-std-string.exp
@@ -93,10 +93,17 @@ proc test {cxx11_abi} {
-    gdb_test "break f($type)" "$srcfile, line $::decimal\\."
+    # GDB should be able to expand the std::string typedef in the
+    # function prototype using C++ logic even if the current language
+    # is C.
+    foreach_with_prefix lang {"c" "c++"} {
+	gdb_test_no_output "set language $lang"
-    if { $realtype != "" } {
-	gdb_test "break f($realtype)" "$srcfile, line $::decimal\\."
+	gdb_test "break f($type)" "$srcfile, line $::decimal\\."
+	if { $realtype != "" } {
+	    gdb_test "break f($realtype)" "$srcfile, line $::decimal\\."
+	}

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2022-05-10 13:18 [binutils-gdb] Fix "b f(std::string)" when current language is C Pedro Alves

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